Why don't we just print countless currency notes and make our countries richer?

I know it’s a silly question, but I want to understand what exactly goes wrong when we print currency without limitations?

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It’s not a silly question, at all.
The answer is relatively quite straight forward. If you print more currency, everyone has more currency at their disposal, right? So, in a way, everyone is rich.
If everyone is rich, it means they can buy a lot of stuff.
But if EVERYONE can buy a lot of stuff, that’s a problem, because manufacturers can only make so much of stuff. So, there is high demand (because everyone is rich) but low supply. In this case, stuff will be expensive. You will have skyrocketing inflation at your hands. And this will eventually be bad for your economy. In fact, what you are suggesting, is exactly what the Germans tried after world war 1, but they had a hyperinflation at their hands as a result of that when a loaf of bread cost a few hundred thousand marks. You can read about it here

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That makes sense, thank you!
I didn’t know about the hyperinflation in Germany. Looks like they also thought that they could solve their problems by printing more currency.
I will read more about this.